Shoulder injuries in sport are common. The shoulder joints are the most mobile in the body and need to function together correctly to allow pain free range of motion. These can be caused from an acute incident or by chronic overuse.

Fracture to the Collar bone or Humerus:

Causes

This shoulder injury is caused from falling on an outstretched or collision directly to the shoulder. These injuries are common in impact sports such as rugby, motor sports, cycling and skiing.

Signs and symptoms:

Severe pain, swelling, bruising and inability to raise the arm.

Treatment:

Following X ray the bones will need time to heal and realign. Protection of the injury during this time is important. After sufficient healing then physical therapy, stretching and strengthening should commence to restore full pain free range of motion.

Shoulder Dislocation

Shoulder dislocation can occur with a fall on an outstretched are, blow to the back of the shoulder or forceful shoulder abduction and external rotation. These movements will cause the upper arm bone to come out of the socket of the joint.

Signs and symptoms:

Severe pain, irregular looking shoulder joint. The patient will hold the arm away from the side of the body and turned outwards.

Treatment:

Realignment or reduction of the shoulder.

As the dislocation will cause a stretching of the ligaments some instability of the shoulder maybe experienced. Strengthening the rotator cuff muscle to help hold the head of the upper arm into the socket through specific strength rehabilitation. Restoration of shoulder range of motion through mobility exercises.